Villa Panagiota is located in an idyllic setting in Northern Greece on the western coast of Sithonia, the middle peninsula of Halkidiki.
Toroni is famous for its azure blue coast and the serenity it offers visitors. The numerous sights one can admire include the ancient town, the castle and the church of Agios Athanasios.
ATTRACTIONS & ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES
Geography Mount Athos is situated in the eastern and most enchanting third peninsula of Halkidiki, which is called the peninsula of Athos. It is the only place in Greece, which is totally devoted to praying and worshiping God and thus, it is called the Holy Mountain. The Holy Mountain or the Mount Athos has about 50 Km length, 8 to 12 Km width and it covers a surface of about 350 square km. The borders of the monasterial city are set on the ground by an imaginary line that begins from the location "Fragokastro" on the West coast and reaches the cape "Arapis" on the opposite side. The natural beauty of the peninsula is wonderful. The Mount Athos that dominates there is an enormous cone of 2.033m height. It's bare top that seems to be piercing the sky and its slopes, which are full of old evergreens, give the area a unique natural beauty.
The Mount Athos that dominates there is an enormous cone of 2.033m height
Mount Athos is a self- governed division of the Greek state. Politically it comes under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs but religiously it comes under the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. It has been divided into twenty self- governed territories. Each territory consists of a leading monastery and some other monastic settlements around it (hermitages, cells, huts, seats). All the monasteries are communes, which means that the monks have a common liturgy, prayer, housing, board and work. The Abbot of the monastery, who is elected by the monks for life, is in charge of the monastery. The Abbots of the monasteries are members of the Holy Assembly and exercise legislative authority. Furthermore, every year the monastery elects its representative in the Holy Community, which exercises administrative authority, while the Holy Supervision exercises executive authority and is consisted of 4 members, elected by the first 5 leading monasteries.
The cave of Petralona "embellished" with stalagmites and stalactites is located in the west foot of the Katsika (Goat) mountain and in an altitude of about 300 meters from the level of sea.
It was found in 1959 by the inhabitant of Petralona, Mr. Philippos Hatzaridis and it became well known all over the world in 1960, when another inhabitant of Petralona, Mr. Christos Sarrigiannidis, found the skull of Arhanthropos. The systematic excavations of the Cave began in 1965 by the founder of the Anthropologic Company of Greece, anthropologist professor Aris Paulianos. His researches proved that the Arhanthropos is about 700.000 years old, and this makes him the "oldest" European.
This age was determined after the detailed analysis of stratigraphy (until today 28 geological layer have been revealed), and after studying the primitive and Paleolithic tools as well as the palaiofauna that were discovered in almost all the layers of bats. In order to verify the age, the contribution of nucleonic is very important. The materials that have been dated are bones, argil, stalagmites and ashes. These are fire traces - the oldest ones that humans have ever lighted.
The capital of Chalkidiki, Poligiros, is located at the center of the Chalkidiki peninsula at the foot of the Holomontas mountain.
At the northern part there is a green hillside that reaches the top of "Tsoukalas" (890m height) from where one can gaze at the panoramic enchanting view: that is, the three peninsulas (Kassandra, Sithonia and Mount Athos), the picturesque islands of Diaporos, Ammouliani and Kelifos.
The philosopher Aristotle was born in ancient Stagira. Stagira is the center of a large mining region that since 500 BC to the present day it has given wealth and power to emperors, kings, sultans and companies.
Mahalas from the sultans' Mademohoria was the basis of the only free Commonwealth of 12 large villages and above 100 settlements. Important Byzantine buildings are saved in Stagira, as well as the castle of Madem Emin, master of the sultan in the area.
The castle has a dominant presence in the forests of the Stratonic Mount and in the impressive Strymonic gulf and the gulf of Ierissos.
Olynthos is a flat region located in South Chalkidiki and it is 24km away from Poligiros. It constitutes the Historical Capital of the Municipality of Poligiros.
Tradition has it that the foundation of the city and its name originate from Olynthos, son of the river God Strimona, while Irodotos mentions that it was conquered by Vottieous from Imathia during the 7th century BC, when after their persecution by the Macedonians they came to Chalkidiki and settled at the Southern hill. The sights of the area are of paramount importance. They are the archeological area of Olynthos with the Byzantine monuments.
Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Ολύνθου
Στον αρχαιολογικό χώρο της αρχαίας Ολύνθου λειτουργεί από το 1998 Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο. Ο σκοπός του μουσείου συνίσταται στο να δώσει μια ολοκληρωμένη εικόνα στους επισκέπτες για την ιστορία της αρχαίας πόλης αλλά και να περιγράψει τις ανασκαφές και την αναστήλωση. Όλα αυτά γίνονται αποκλειστικά με οπτικοακουστικά μέσα.
- Folklore Museum at Athitos
- History & Folklore Museum at Arnaia
- Folklore Museum at Poligiros
- Archaeological Museum at Olynthos
- Christian Halkidiki Exhibition at Ouranoupoli
- Anthropological Museum at Petralona
- Archaeological Museum at Petralona
- Folklore Collection at Vavdos